Robotics has come up in a huge way and has brought tremendous changes in various socio-economical aspects of human society during the past decades. Robotics inherently deals with things that move in the world. Today aerial, land and aquatic forms of robots are used for diverse applications in medical, military, industrial, space, entertainment and domestic market sectors. Robots have been instrumental in space exploration and performing other tasks that would be impossible for humans to accomplish. The implementation of advanced robotics in the military and NASA has changed the landscape of national defense and space exploration.
Robotics is one of the technological advancements that would certainly make living convenient. Robotics is the branch of technology that deals with the design, construction, operation, structural disposition, manufacture and application of robots. Robots are human like machines capable of doing tasks they are programmed to do. Adding Artificial Intelligence to robotics allows the robot to adapt to differing environments or situations. This field overlaps with electronics, computer science, artificial intelligence, mechatronics and nanotechnology.
The Introduction to Robotics Specialization introduces you to the concepts of robot flight and movement, how robots perceive their environment, and how they adjust their movements to avoid obstacles, navigate difficult terrains and accomplish complex tasks such as construction and disaster recovery. The robots can go far down into the unknown places where the humans would be crushed. All these robots might look very different from each other but internally these all follow the same key paradigm that defines a robot—Sense, Think and Act.
In addition, the technologies applicable to space robotics will enable a wide range of earth-based exploration and material-processing activities from automated under sea inspection to mining and mineral extraction under hazardous conditions. Farmers have taken advantage of new technology with automated harvesters, the waste disposal industry has implemented robots in some of its dirtier jobs, and the medical industry benefits from advancements in assisted surgical robotics.
Industrial robots form an essential part of the current manufacturing sector of India. Industry has benefited drastically from the expanse of a robotic work force. Automated machines have taken over the duties and allowing greater productivity. Without the use of robotics technologies, a pillar of emerging Indian wealth would not be possible. The advancement of robotic technologies and newly developed sensing capabilities mean that these benefits are becoming applicable to an even wider range of manufacturing industries, including those with small and varying lot sizes, materials and product geometries.
Robots can also be effective in areas where there are skill shortages. Significant application opportunities exist in the emerging service robotics sectors, whose products will impact on our everyday lives by contributing high-value-added services and providing safer working conditions. Robotic technologies, such as navigation and motion control will enable a broad range of innovations in today’s products resulting in more flexible environment friendly transport systems and intelligent household appliances.